Swachh Bharat Mission for Urban Areas : 2014

Others Schemes

Ministry : Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

Aim :

The Mission of Swachh Bharat is a major mass movement aiming to create a Clean India by 2019. Mahatma Gandhi, the father of our country, always put the emphasis on swachhta, as swachhta leads to a safe and prosperous life.

With this in mind, on October 2, 2014, the Indian government decided to initiate the Swachh Bharat mission.

The mission would cover both rural and urban areas.

The Ministry of Urban Development will implement the urban portion of the mission, and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation will implement the rural portion.

In depth analysis of the situation and need of the scheme :

Two separate ministries, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation for rural areas and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs for urban areas, are implementing the Swachh Bharat Mission.

The biggest challenge in rural areas was to alter the population’s attitude so that they would start using household toilets rather than defecating in open areas. The key component of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) was the construction of household latrines and the emphasis on information , education and communication ( IEC) activities, as most households had no toilets in their homes.

In rural areas, the need for a dedicated sewerage network is less, as the toilets are connected to in-house soak pits. Domestic waste is also managed in a much better way in rural areas because it is segregated at the household level and most of it is used in the fields. Thus, it is much less complex to improve the level of cleanliness in a rural area than in an urban setting.

There are two main challenges facing an urban area: the disposal of solid waste and sewerage / liquid waste.

Solid waste disposal has three key components. First, collection of waste, then transfer of the waste, and finally, proper disposal at the site of the landfill. Both manpower and an efficient transportation system are required for the task of waste collection and its transfer to the landfill site. Waste segregation can be either at the source or at the landfill. Segregation is more economical at source. It is done by using either high-end segregation plants or manual conveyors at the landfill.

The disposal of solid waste in most urban areas is primarily the responsibility of municipalities. These municipalities, however, are not equipped with the manpower, financial resources and technology needed for the assignment. Most of them are dependent for resources on the state governments. In terms of engineers or sanitation workers, these municipalities do not have adequate human resources to handle the waste. Owing to the lack of technological know-how, landfill site management is very bad.

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